- An interpretation of Marxism developed by Russian scholars at the end of the 19th century. P.B. Struve, M.I. Tugan- Baranovsky, N.A. Berdyaev, S.N. Bulgakov and S.L. Frank were as critical of Marxism as they were sympathetic to it, many of their criticisms paralleling those of Eduard Bernstein with regard to the empirical shortcomings of Marxism and its need of an ethical theory. They also contributed to Marxist economic theory, but their increasingly critical view of Marxism and lack of involvement with Marxist or workers’ political organizations soon saw the group and its ideas disappear. The chief significance of legal Marxism probably lies in its propagation of Marxist ideas in Russia contributing to the displacement of the then dominant radical ideas of populism by Marxism.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
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